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Guide to Understanding What Cannabigerol (CBG) Is & How It Works

molecule of CBG

So we’ve talked about THC, CBD, and a variety of other cannabinoids, and now, it’s time to give cannabigerol (CBG) its due. In this guide, we’ll explain:

  • What is Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • What Does CBG Do and How Does it Work?
  • What's the Difference Between CBG and CBD?
  • How is Cannabigerol Made?
  • Where Can You Find CBG?

Cannabinoids are incredible molecules. Learn more about them in our “Guide to Cannabinoids and Their Effects.”


What is Cannabigerol (CBG)?

Cannabigerol is a cannabinoid found in low concentrations in marijuana plants. CBG is unique because when CBGA (the acid, inactive form of CBG) is broken down, it becomes one of the three main cannabinoids: THCA, CBDA, or CBCA. It is the decarboxylation of these cannabinoids that produce effects commonly talked about by cannabis users.

What Does CBG Do?

CBG is a unique cannabinoid, and research is still being done to understand exactly how it works and what it does in the human body. We know a few things and it all starts with the endocannabinoid system in the human body. It contains a system of receptors called CB1 and CB2. It’s believed that CB1 receptors are mostly in the nervous system and brain which is why you may feel intoxicating effects when THC binds with CB1 receptors. CBG appears to bond primarily with CB2 receptors found in the body and immune system. It’s also believed that at elevated doses, CBG might prevent other molecules from binding with CB1 receptors.

What’s the Difference Between CBD and CBG?

While CBG and CBD are both cannabinoids, they are unique to one another in one major way: CBG is the precursor to other cannabinoids including CBD. This means that until CBG is heated or ages, CBD doesn’t exist. Once it’s heated or given enough time, CBG becomes CBD and THC, among other cannabinoids. That’s the long way of saying: You can’t have CBD without CBG.

How is Cannabigerol Made?

In general, young cannabis plants make the most cannabigerol. The more developed the cannabis plant, the less CBG it may have. There are also some strains of cannabis that are being bred for higher CBG content. Because CBG may be converted to CBD and THC, growers haven’t always focused on CBG content, but as more research comes out about this cannabinoid, cultivators have started to crossbreed and manipulate the genetics of their cannabis plants to produce CBG.

Where Can You Find CBG?

To start, you may want to look for specific strains like White CBG, Jack Frost CBG, and Super Glue CBG. There are some CBG products, including CBG flower, CBG oil, and CBG gummies, that contain CBG among other cannabinoids. Review product menus carefully to find the right CBG product for you.

Getting to Know CBG

Want to learn more about CBG? Talk to one of our cannabis experts at our licensed marijuana dispensaries today. They can help you find products with CBG, learn more about CBG and other cannabinoids, and purchase the right cannabis and tools for you.

Recreational Cannabis is not available in all states. Cannabis is for medical use only and may only be used by certified patients in Maryland, New York, and Pennsylvania. State laws impact what dispensaries can and can’t sell to recreational customers and medical marijuana patients. Not every type of product, consumption method, dosage form, or potency mentioned on this blog will be permitted in all locations.

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