Wedge of cannabutter next to a nugget of marijuana flower and a cookie

Cannabutter Recipe: How to Make Cannabutter in 5 Steps

Cannabis butter, or cannabutter, is butter infused with the active compounds, such as THC and CBD, from cannabis flowers. Easy to prepare and customizable in potency and flavor, cannabutter is perfect for everyone from kitchen novices to seasoned chefs.

In this guide, you’ll learn all about cannabis butter, including:

  • What is Cannabis Butter & How Do You Use It?
  • How Do You Choose the Right Flower for Cannabutter?
  • DIY Cannabutter Recipe [5 Steps]
  • Other Cannabutter Cooking Methods
  • How Do You Dose Cannabutter?
  • How Should You Store Cannabutter?
  • Frequently Asked Questions

What is Cannabis Butter & How Do You Use It?

Cannabis butter is butter that has been infused with fat-soluble1 cannabinoids–THC, CBD, etc.–that bind to the fat molecules in the butter to make an ideal ingredient in many cannabis culinary creations.

Cannabis butter can replace non-infused butter in virtually any recipe, making it an incredibly versatile kitchen staple for cannabis enthusiasts. It can be used in cooking, spreading on toast, and baking treats like cannabis cookies and marijuana brownies.

How Do You Choose the Right Flower for Cannabutter?

The choice of cannabis strain affects the flavor and potency of your cannabutter. Factors to consider include the strain’s THC to CBD ratios, terpenes, and whether it’s sativa or indica dominant. Ultimately, the right flower depends on your preference, but chat with your budtender to help you find the best strain.

DIY Cannabutter Recipe [5 Steps]

Similar to canna-oil, making cannabutter is easy, whether you’re a pro or a newbie in the kitchen. Here are the tools and ingredients you’ll need to get started.


  • 1 cup of your  (unsalted works in sweet and savory recipes)
  • 1 cup of water
  • 1 cup of cannabis flower


  • Cannabis grinder
  • Baking sheet
  • Saucepan
  • Thermometer
  • Cheesecloth or metal strainer
  • Storage container

Step 1: Decarboxylate Your Flower

Begin by decarboxylating the cannabis flower to activate the THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. Spread the cannabis on a baking sheet and bake at 245°F for 30-40 minutes.

Step 2: Grind Your Flower

Once cooled, grind the cannabis coarsely with the cannabis grinder or your fingers. Don’t grind it too finely, as you don’t want flower bits in your cannabutter.

Step 3: Melt Your Non-Infused Butter

Add the water and butter to a saucepan. Over medium heat, fully melt the butter, but ensure it doesn’t burn.

Step 4: Add Flower

Once the butter has completely melted, add the ground cannabis to the mixture. Keep the temperature low—ideally around 160-180°F— to avoid boiling. Simmer the mixture for two to three hours, stirring occasionally.

Step 5: Strain the Butter

When the cannabis is infused in the butter, strain the mixture with a metal strainer or cheesecloth to remove the plant material. Once cooled, the cannabutter is ready to use.

Other Cannabutter Cooking Methods

Besides using a stovetop, other techniques to make cannabutter include:

Crock Pot Cannabutter

Learning how to make cannabutter in a crock pot? The slow cooker technique is generally more hands-off than using the stovetop. You’ll combine the decarbed flower with butter in the crock pot and cook it on low for four to six hours. Strain the mixture and let it cool before adding it to a recipe or storing it in a glass jar.

Pressure Cooker Cannabutter

You can decarb and infuse the butter with cannabis in a single process when making cannabutter in a pressure cooker (like an Instant Pot). Grind the flower, place it in a glass jar with the lid on, and use the “Slow Cook” setting to decarboxylate the cannabis for 35 minutes.

Add the butter to the jar and water to the pot. Use the “Pressure Cook” setting and set the timer for 30 minutes. Cool the mixture and remove the jar from the instant pot using tongs. Let the jar cool before straining the cannabutter.

Sous Vide Cannabutter

Decarb the flower and add it to a resealable bag before adding the cooled melted butter. Set the cooking divide to 185°F and add the bag to the water to soak for four hours. Remove the mixture from the water bath and strain it. Use it immediately or store it for later use.

How Do You Dose Cannabutter?

The dosage of cannabutter depends on the potency and quantity of the flower as well as the temperature and duration of the decarbing process. Start with small doses (around 5 milligrams of THC), and adjust it based on the desired effects. The standard dose2 for edibles is 10 milligrams. 

For stronger or milder cannabutter, change the strength of the cannabis and the ratio of butter to marijuana. For a more potent cannabutter, use a higher THC strain or more cannabis, while you’d do the opposite for a milder effect. Increasing the infusion time results in a stronger cannabutter.

How Should You Store Cannabutter?

Store cannabutter in an airtight glass container, like a sealed mason jar, in the fridge3 for two to four weeks or in the freezer for 6-12 months. Check the cannabutter before using it, and discard if it is rancid, discolored, or moldy.

Frequently Asked Questions

Have more questions? We have answers about making cannabutter:

How do I make a potent cannabutter?
Make a potent cannabutter by choosing a cannabis strain with a high THC content, using a higher ratio of cannabis to butter, or infusing the cannabis for longer.

Can I use a crock pot to make cannabutter?
You can use a crock pot to make cannabutter. This slow, hands-off infusion process is ideal for developing flavor and potency without burning the mixture.

Is it possible to make cannabutter in a pressure cooker?
Yes, you can quickly make cannabutter in a pressure cooker (such as an Instant Pot) since you decarboxylate and infuse the cannabis-butter mixture in one device.

Can trim be used to make cannabutter?
While trim is less potent4 than the buds, you can use it to make cannabutter.

Making Cannabutter at Home

Making your own cannabutter at home is a rewarding experience, helping you to create delectable cannabis-infused culinary creations. Experiment with different cannabis strains, or consult your favorite budtender for the best cannabis flower for cannabutter.



1. “Mechanisms of Action and Pharmacokinetics of Cannabis,” National Library of Medicine, November 30, 2020, 

2. “Your Best Edibles Dosing Chart,” The Health Center, May 19, 2023, 

3. “How to Store Cannabutter,” Storables, February 27, 2024, 

4. “Trim,” Leafly, 

Recreational cannabis is not available in all states. Cannabis is for medical use only and may only be used by certified patients in Pennsylvania. State laws impact what dispensaries can and can’t sell to recreational customers and certified patients. Not every type of product, consumption method, dosage form, or potency mentioned on this blog will be permitted in all locations.

You assume full responsibility for using your best judgment when cooking with raw ingredients such as beef, poultry, or eggs, and seeking information from an official food safety authority if you are unsure. You must also take care to not physically injure yourself by coming into contact with hot surfaces, sharp blades, and other kitchen hazards. It is your responsibility to review all listed ingredients in a recipe before cooking to ensure that none of the ingredients may cause a potential adverse reaction to anyone eating the food based on recipes featured in this blog post. This includes allergies, pregnancy-related diet restrictions, etc. Please consult with your medical professional before using any recipe if you have concerns about how you may individually react to the use of any particular recipe or ingredient. By voluntarily creating and using any recipe provided here, you assume the risk of any potential injury that may result. All information provided regarding nutrition in this post is intended to be used for informational purposes only. Content related to nutrition is not medical advice nor is it intended to replace medical advice. This post is not intended to diagnose, prescribe, or treat any disease, condition, illness, or injury. Before beginning any diet program, modifying your diet, or making changes to the diet of a child in your care, including following the nutrition information available in this post, you should seek advice from a licensed professional.The Food and Drug Administration has not evaluated the statements contained in any information on this Website. Individual results may vary. We are not responsible for any liability, loss, or damage, caused or alleged to be caused directly or indirectly as a result of the use, application, or interpretation of the nutrition information available in this post. The author disclaims liability for incidental or consequential damages and assumes no responsibility or liability for any loss or damage suffered by any person as a result of use of the information provided in this blog post. The author assumes or undertakes no liability for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of any information found on this Website. From time to time, this Website will publish content with recipes. All such recipes have been tried and used successfully, but results may vary from person to person. Consult your medical professional before using any recipe if you have concerns about how you may individually react to the use of any particular recipe or ingredient. By voluntarily creating and using any recipe provided here, you assume the risk of any potential injury that may result.