Cannabutter Recipe: How to Make Cannabutter in 5 Steps
The first step in mastering homemade marijuana edibles is to master your main cannabis ingredient: cannabutter. The process is fairly simple and you can use your cannabutter in place of butter in just about any recipe.
In this post, we’ll explain how to make cannabutter in five steps, discuss storage methods, answer FAQs, and more.
DIY Cannabutter Recipe
A good cannabutter recipe will set you up for success in all your marijuana cooking and baking endeavors. Before getting started, you’ll need to gather your tools and ingredients.
- Baking sheet
- Cheesecloth or metal strainer
- 1 cup of your favorite butter
- 1 cup of water
- 1 cup of cannabis flower
When you’re choosing flower for your cannabutter, make sure you choose something that’s good quality and has the effects you enjoy. You should also keep in mind the terpene and cannabinoid profile of the flower you use, as this will have a large impact on how you experience your edibles.
Step 1: Decarboxylate Your Cannabis
Before you can turn your flower into cannabutter, you’ll need to decarboxylate it. Why? Because the cannabinoids (e.g. THC) have to be activated in order to provide intoxicating effects. This is accomplished by exposing the cannabis to heat, called decarboxylation. Once activated, you’ll be able to add it to the butter.
Check out our guide to decarboxylation to help make this step as smooth as...butter!
Step 2: Grind Your Flower
After decarbing your flower, break it apart with your fingers or use a cannabis grinder. Make sure you don’t grind too much, as you don’t want bits of flower to end up in your cannabutter.
Step 3: Melt Your Butter
Add equal parts butter and water to a saucepan (e.g. one cup of butter and one cup of water), and fully melt the butter. The water will keep your butter from burning, but you’ll still need to keep an eye on it.
Step 4: Infuse the Butter with Cannabis
Once the butter is completely melted, add your flower to the mixture of butter and water. If you are making one cup of butter, add one cup of flower to the saucepan. Let it simmer for two to three hours, stirring occasionally.
When infusing oil or butter, you want to stay in a similar temperature range as when you’re decarbing the flower. Ideally, you should keep butter or oil at 160 - 200 degrees Fahrenheit when making cannabutter or cannaoil. A candy thermometer is a useful tool to test the temperature of the oil or butter every few minutes, maintaining a consistent temperature throughout the infusion process.
Step 5: Strain the Butter
When your butter has been properly infused with cannabis, you need to get all the ground flower out of it. Pour the mixture through a cheesecloth or fine mesh strainer to get rid of all the chunks of flower and you’ve got DIY cannabutter that’s ready to use in your favorite marijuana brownies recipe.
How to Properly Store Cannabutter
Now that you’ve got your cannabutter, you’ll need to keep it somewhere that it can stay fresh so you can use it as needed. To store your cannabutter, put it in an air-tight container and place the container in the refrigerator. If there’s still water in your butter, you can wait for the butter to solidify, remove the butter, and dump the water.
Homemade Cannabutter FAQs
Cannabutter is a simple ingredient to make, but they don’t exactly teach it in cooking class! Here are a few frequently asked questions to help you in your culinary journey.
Is decarboxylation necessary for making cannabutter?
Decarboxylation is an incredibly important part of making cannabutter. If you don’t decarboxylate your marijuana, you’re infusing THCA and CBDA into your butter rather than THC and CBD. These are non-active cannabinoids, meaning the psychoactive properties will be significantly less if your flower isn’t decarboxylated.
How much should I grind my decarboxylated flower?
One of the biggest mistakes when it comes to decarboxylating your marijuana is over-grinding the flower. The finer you grind your cannabis, the harder it’s going to be to strain it out of the finished product. You want a grind that’s fine enough that you get a strong finished product, but don’t grind your flower too much.
How much flower should I use to make cannabutter?
As a general rule, you should use about one cup of marijuana flower for every cup of butter and cup of water you use. This ratio should keep your cannabutter nice and mild, so you can use it in a variety of dishes without over-enhancing the impact or altering the flavor too much. If you want to make stronger cannabutter, focus on premium flower with a robust terpene and cannabinoid profile.
How long does cannabutter last?
As long as you store your cannabutter right, you can expect it to last for up to two weeks in the refrigerator. For longer storage, place your cannabutter in the freezer.
What can I make with cannabutter?
When most people think of edibles, they think of things like cookies and brownies. However, there’s no limit to what you can do with cannabutter. Basically, cannabutter can be used in place of butter in any recipe. If you’re making an alfredo sauce that needs butter, you can jazz it up with cannabutter. You can even make grilled cheese or sautée meats and vegetables for dinner with cannabutter if you want to make a marijuana-infused meal.
Keep in mind that cannabutter does have a cannabis flavor, so it may work better with some recipes than others. Ultimately, your flavor preferences will help you determine what works and what doesn’t. The best thing you can do is experiment with your cannabutter and find recipes you enjoy.
Now that you know how to make cannabutter, whip up a jar, and start cooking with cannabis today.
Recreational Cannabis is not available in all states. Cannabis is for medical use only and may only be used by certified patients in Maryland, New York, and Pennsylvania. State laws impact what dispensaries can and can’t sell to recreational customers and medical marijuana patients. Not every type of product, consumption method, dosage form, or potency mentioned on this blog will be permitted in all locations.
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