Skip to main content
Close Menu

Cannabutter Recipe: How to Make Cannabutter in 5 Steps

cannabis butter

The first step in mastering homemade marijuana edibles is to master your main cannabis ingredient: cannabutter. The process is fairly simple and you can use your cannabutter in place of butter in just about any recipe.
In this post, we’ll explain how to make cannabutter in five steps, discuss storage methods, answer FAQs, and more.

DIY Cannabutter Recipe

A good cannabutter recipe will set you up for success in all your marijuana cooking and baking endeavors. Before getting started, you’ll need to gather your tools and ingredients.


  • Baking sheet
  • Saucepan
  • Thermometer 
  • Cheesecloth or metal strainer


  • 1 cup of your favorite butter
  • 1 cup of water
  • Thermometer 
  • 1 cup of cannabis flower

When you’re choosing flower for your cannabutter, make sure you choose something that’s good quality and has the effects you enjoy. You should also keep in mind the terpene and cannabinoid profile of the flower you use, as this will have a large impact on how you experience your edibles.

Step 1: Decarboxylate Your Cannabis

Before you can turn your flower into cannabutter, you’ll need to decarboxylate it. Why? Because the cannabinoids (e.g. THC) have to be activated in order to provide intoxicating effects. This is accomplished by exposing the cannabis to heat, called decarboxylation. Once activated, you’ll be able to add it to the butter.

Check out our guide to decarboxylation to help make this step as smooth as...butter!

Step 2: Grind Your Flower

After decarbing your flower, break it apart with your fingers or use a cannabis grinder. Make sure you don’t grind too much, as you don’t want bits of flower to end up in your cannabutter.

Step 3: Melt Your Butter

Add equal parts butter and water to a saucepan (e.g. one cup of butter and one cup of water), and fully melt the butter. The water will keep your butter from burning, but you’ll still need to keep an eye on it.

Step 4: Infuse the Butter with Cannabis

Once the butter is completely melted, add your flower to the mixture of butter and water. If you are making one cup of butter, add one cup of flower to the saucepan. Let it simmer for two to three hours, stirring occasionally. 

When infusing oil or butter, you want to stay in a similar temperature range as when you’re decarbing the flower. Ideally, you should keep butter or oil at 160 - 200 degrees Fahrenheit when making cannabutter or cannaoil. A candy thermometer is a useful tool to test the temperature of the oil or butter every few minutes, maintaining a consistent temperature throughout the infusion process.

Step 5: Strain the Butter

When your butter has been properly infused with cannabis, you need to get all the ground flower out of it. Pour the mixture through a cheesecloth or fine mesh strainer to get rid of all the chunks of flower and you’ve got DIY cannabutter that’s ready to use in your favorite marijuana brownies recipe.

How to Properly Store Cannabutter

Now that you’ve got your cannabutter, you’ll need to keep it somewhere that it can stay fresh so you can use it as needed. To store your cannabutter, put it in an air-tight container and place the container in the refrigerator. If there’s still water in your butter, you can wait for the butter to solidify, remove the butter, and dump the water.

Homemade Cannabutter FAQs

Cannabutter is a simple ingredient to make, but they don’t exactly teach it in cooking class! Here are a few frequently asked questions to help you in your culinary journey.

Is decarboxylation necessary for making cannabutter?
Decarboxylation is an incredibly important part of making cannabutter. If you don’t decarboxylate your marijuana, you’re infusing THCA and CBDA into your butter rather than THC and CBD. These are non-active cannabinoids, meaning the psychoactive properties will be significantly less if your flower isn’t decarboxylated.

How much should I grind my decarboxylated flower?
One of the biggest mistakes when it comes to decarboxylating your marijuana is over-grinding the flower. The finer you grind your cannabis, the harder it’s going to be to strain it out of the finished product. You want a grind that’s fine enough that you get a strong finished product, but don’t grind your flower too much.

How much flower should I use to make cannabutter?
As a general rule, you should use about one cup of marijuana flower for every cup of butter and cup of water you use. This ratio should keep your cannabutter nice and mild, so you can use it in a variety of dishes without over-enhancing the impact or altering the flavor too much. If you want to make stronger cannabutter, focus on premium flower with a robust terpene and cannabinoid profile.

How long does cannabutter last?
As long as you store your cannabutter right, you can expect it to last for up to two weeks in the refrigerator. For longer storage, place your cannabutter in the freezer.

What can I make with cannabutter?
When most people think of edibles, they think of things like cookies and brownies. However, there’s no limit to what you can do with cannabutter. Basically, cannabutter can be used in place of butter in any recipe. If you’re making an alfredo sauce that needs butter, you can jazz it up with cannabutter. You can even make grilled cheese or sautée meats and vegetables for dinner with cannabutter if you want to make a marijuana-infused meal.

Keep in mind that cannabutter does have a cannabis flavor, so it may work better with some recipes than others. Ultimately, your flavor preferences will help you determine what works and what doesn’t. The best thing you can do is experiment with your cannabutter and find recipes you enjoy.

Making Cannabutter

Now that you know how to make cannabutter, whip up a jar, and start cooking with cannabis today.

Recreational Cannabis is not available in all states. Cannabis is for medical use only and may only be used by certified patients in Maryland, New York, and Pennsylvania. State laws impact what dispensaries can and can’t sell to recreational customers and medical marijuana patients. Not every type of product, consumption method, dosage form, or potency mentioned on this blog will be permitted in all locations.

You assume full responsibility for using your best judgment when cooking with raw ingredients such as beef, poultry, or eggs, and seeking information from an official food safety authority if you are unsure. You must also take care to not physically injure yourself by coming into contact with hot surfaces, sharp blades, and other kitchen hazards. It is your responsibility to review all listed ingredients in a recipe before cooking to ensure that none of the ingredients may cause a potential adverse reaction to anyone eating the food based on recipes featured in this blog post. This includes allergies, pregnancy-related diet restrictions, etc. Please consult with your medical professional before using any recipe if you have concerns about how you may individually react to the use of any particular recipe or ingredient. By voluntarily creating and using any recipe provided here, you assume the risk of any potential injury that may result. All information provided regarding nutrition in this post is intended to be used for informational purposes only. Content related to nutrition is not medical advice nor is it intended to replace medical advice. This post is not intended to diagnose, prescribe, or treat any disease, condition, illness, or injury. Before beginning any diet program, modifying your diet, or making changes to the diet of a child in your care, including following the nutrition information available in this post, you should seek advice from a licensed professional.The Food and Drug Administration has not evaluated the statements contained in any information on this Website. Individual results may vary. We are not responsible for any liability, loss, or damage, caused or alleged to be caused directly or indirectly as a result of the use, application, or interpretation of the nutrition information available in this post. The author disclaims liability for incidental or consequential damages and assumes no responsibility or liability for any loss or damage suffered by any person as a result of use of the information provided in this blog post. The author assumes or undertakes no liability for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of any information found on this Website. From time to time, this Website will publish content with recipes. All such recipes have been tried and used successfully, but results may vary from person to person. Consult your medical professional before using any recipe if you have concerns about how you may individually react to the use of any particular recipe or ingredient. By voluntarily creating and using any recipe provided here, you assume the risk of any potential injury that may result.

This website contains cannabis information and is restricted to individuals 21 years of age or older. Please confirm your age:

  • IL
  • MD
  • MA
  • NY
  • OH
  • PA
For the best experience, please select a state.

By entering the website, you accept our use of cookies and agree to our Privacy Policy & Terms of Use