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What is Medical Marijuana?

Facts of the Matter - Learn the basics of marijuana.

Marijuana has a variety of benefits for the mind and body. It can aid in managing pain for various ailments, help reduce symptoms or be a source for positive overall well-being. The use of marijuana and its cannabinoids, including THC and CBD, show significant potential in providing an array of positive effects versus traditional methods. Marijuana, as an option, is not a new concept. We're in a time of new and exciting possibilities for fully understanding, utilizing and offering all of the potential benefits of marijuana.

How does marijuana affect the body?

Marijuana reacts directly with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is a group of receptors located in the brain and throughout the central nervous system.

What is THC?

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. The most well-known cannabinoid, THC is the main psychoactive component in marijuana. Possible effects include:

  • Stimulating the mind
  • Relaxing muscles
  • Increasing appetite
  • Relieving pain

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol. CBD is gaining attention for its role in treating neurological disorders and mitigating THC’s psychoactive effects. Possible effects include:

  • Mitigating inflammation
  • Reducing anxiety
  • Enhancing sleep
  • Controlling seizures

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are fragrant, organic oils that give marijuana plants their unique beneficial qualities and flavor. There are more than 200 known terpenes, each with a different profile and set of effects. Terpenes bind to the endocannabinoid system throughout the brain and body to deliver beneficial qualities and effects.

What are the parts of a marijuana plant? 

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Female Flower - Marijuana plants are male, female or both. The female marijuana plant produces large flowers containing trichomes, which we trim down and turn into the marijuana products we offer.

Male Flower - Male marijuana plants pollinate the female plant, which in doing so kicks off flower and seed production. While male flowers serve a purpose for production, they are not used for marijuana products.

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Fan Leaf - Perhaps the most recognizable part of the marijuana plant, fan leaves vary in size and shape across different species.

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Trichomes - Trichomes appear on marijuana buds as crystal resin and develop with the specific purpose of protecting plants against natural elements and predators. Trichomes are small in size but tremendously important as they store cannabinoids.

Marijuana Species



Sativa strains are invigorating and provide cerebral effects including euphoria and increased energy. They are recommended for patients with symptoms that include fatigue, depression or mood disorders.

Possible effects include:

  • Uplifting euphoric effect
  • Creativity
  • Clarity
  • Increased activity



Indica produces more sedative and relaxing effects and provides deep body relaxation. These strains are recommended for patients suffering from symptoms such as insomnia, pain or anxiety.

Possible effects include:

  • Soothing body euphoric effect
  • Comfort
  • Calmness
  • Enhanced focus


A strain is the variety of plant within a species. Strains define a specific cannabinoid profile—the mixture of THC, CBD, etc. within it. Each strain has its own physical characteristics, or phenotypes, such as height, leaf structure, and color. Depending on the strain and its corresponding cannabinoid profile, the plant will deliver varying effects and possible benefits. Strains can be pure or hybrids of Sativa and Indica.


Sativas are more invigorating and provide more cerebral effects, including, euphoria and mental clarity.

Possible effects: Reduce stress, increase mental clarity, increase focus


Indica produces more sedative and calming effects and provides deep body relaxation.

Possible effects: Reduce stress, reduce anxiety, relieve nausea and vomiting, relieve pain, stimulate appetite, reduce fatigue


Hybrids blend the phenotypes of Indica and Sativa, and the presence of THC and CBD will fall along a spectrum between Sativa and Indica.

Possible effects: Reduce inflammation, relieve nausea, relieve pain, regulate digestion, reduce stress, reduce anxiety, relieve nausea and vomiting, relieve pain, stimulate appetite, reduce fatigue


Have Questions? We’ve Got Answers.

No matter your level of comfort or knowledge with medical marijuana, we can help answer your questions. Our friendly patient care representatives are happy to talk.

Our hours are 9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. EST.



This website contains medical cannabis information and is restricted to individuals 21 years of age or older. Please confirm your age and state:

  • IL
  • MD
  • MA
  • NY
  • OH
  • PA

Did you know that most medical marijuana information is state-specific? We have dispensaries in each of the above states, along with state-specific resources for patients. For the best experience, please select a state.