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What is Medical Marijuana?

Learn the basics of medical marijuana.

Managing ailments with marijuana is not a new concept. It’s only in recent years that our modern medical community has begun to study and document its beneficial effects, making this an exciting time, as we begin to fully understand how to utilize all of the possibilities cannabis can offer. Talk to your recommending physicians about whether marijuana can be used to treat symptoms of your qualifying condition.


How Does medical marijuana affect the body?

Marijuana reacts directly with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is a group of receptors located in the brain and throughout the central nervous system


What is THC?

THC, short for tetrahydrocannabinol, is the best-known cannabinoid. It is the main psychoactive component of the marijuana plant.


What is CBD?

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a cannabinoid that mitigates THC’s psychoactive effects*.


What are terpenes?

Terpenes are fragrant, organic oils that give marijuana plants their unique beneficial qualities and flavor. There are more than 200 known terpenes, each with a different profile and set of effects. Terpenes bind to the endocannabinoid system throughout the brain and body to deliver beneficial qualities and effects.


*Opposite effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol on human brain function and psychopathology.
Bhattacharyya S1, Morrison PD, Fusar-Poli P, Martin-Santos R, Borgwardt S, Winton-Brown T, Nosarti C, O’ Carroll CM, Seal M, Allen P, Mehta MA, Stone JM, Tunstall N, Giampietro V, Kapur S, Murray RM, Zuardi AW, Crippa JA, Atakan Z, McGuire PK.

What are the parts of a marijuana plant?

Female flower - Marijuana plants are male, female or both. The female marijuana plant produces large flowers containing trichomes, which we trim down and turn into the cannabis products we offer.

Male flower - Male marijuana plants pollinate the female plant, which in doing so kicks off flower and seed production. While male flowers serve a purpose for production, they are not used for marijuana products.

Fan leaf - Perhaps the most recognizable part of the marijuana plant, fan leaves vary in size and shape across different marijuana species.

Trichomes - Trichomes appear on marijuana buds as crystal resin and develop with the specific purpose of protecting plants against natural elements and predators. They also produce cannabinoids and terpenes.

What are the Types of Marijuana Species?

There are two types of marijuana species: Sativa and Indica species contain many active compounds. THC and CBD are the most well-known. Hybrid strains occur when Sativa and Indica species are bred together to achieve a specific cannabinoid profile based on the traits they inherit from their parent strains.

Sativa

Sativas typically produce a cerebral head sensation and is typically used for daytime medicating.

Indica

Indicas typically produce a full-body sensation and are typically used for nighttime medicating.

What is a Marijuana Strain?

There are two types of cannabis species:  
Sativa and Indica species contain many active compounds. THC and CBD are the most well-known. Hybrid strains occur when Sativa and Indica species are bred together to achieve a specific cannabinoid profile based on the traits they inherit from their parent strains.

What is a Sativa Strain?

Sativas are more invigorating and may provide more cerebral effects, including euphoria and mental clarity. Sativa strains are best for daytime use.

What is an Indica Strain?

Indica produces more sedative and calming effects and provides deep body relaxation Indica strains are best for nighttime use.

What is a Hybrid Strain?

Hybrids blend the phenotypes of Indica and Sativa, and the presence of THC and CBD will fall along a spectrum between Sativa and Indica.

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This website contains medical cannabis information and is restricted to individuals 21 years of age or older. Please confirm your age and state:

  • IL
  • MD
  • MA
  • NY
  • OH
  • PA

Did you know that most medical marijuana information is state-specific? We have dispensaries in each of the above states, along with state-specific resources for patients. For the best experience, please select a state.