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What Is Medical Marijuana?

Facts of the Matter - Learn the basics of medical marijuana.

Marijuana has a variety of benefits for the mind and body. It can aid in managing pain for various ailments, help reduce symptoms or be a source for positive overall well-being. The use of marijuana and its cannabinoids, including THC and CBD, show significant potential in providing an array of positive effects versus traditional methods. Marijuana as an option is not a new concept. Right now, however, we're in a time of new and exciting possibilities for fully understanding, utilizing and offering all of marijuana's benefits.


How does marijuana affect the body?

Marijuana reacts directly with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is a group of receptors located in the brain and throughout the central nervous system.


What are THC and CBD?

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. The most well-known cannabinoid, THC is the main psychoactive component in cannabis. Its possible effects include:

  • Stimulating the mind
  • Relaxing muscles
  • Increasing appetite
  • Relieving pain

CBD stands for cannabidiol. CBD is gaining attention for its role in treating neurological disorders and mitigating THC’s psychoactive effects*. Its possible benefits include:

  • Mitigating inflammation
  • Reducing anxiety
  • Enhancing sleep
  • Controlling seizures

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are fragrant, organic oils that give marijuana plants their unique beneficial qualities and flavor. There are more than 200 known terpenes, each with a different profile and set of effects. Terpenes bind to the endocannabinoid system throughout the brain and body to deliver beneficial qualities and effects.


*Opposite effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol on human brain function and psychopathology.
Bhattacharyya S1, Morrison PD, Fusar-Poli P, Martin-Santos R, Borgwardt S, Winton-Brown T, Nosarti C, O’ Carroll CM, Seal M, Allen P, Mehta MA, Stone JM, Tunstall N, Giampietro V, Kapur S, Murray RM, Zuardi AW, Crippa JA, Atakan Z, McGuire PK.

What is a Marijuana Strain?

There are two types of cannabis species:  
Sativa and Indica species contain many active compounds. THC and CBD are the most well-known. Hybrid strains occur when Sativa and Indica species are bred together to achieve a specific cannabinoid profile based on the traits they inherit from their parent strains.

What is a Sativa Strain?

Sativas are more invigorating and may provide more cerebral effects, including euphoria and mental clarity. Sativa strains are best for daytime use.

What is an Indica Strain?

Indica produces more sedative and calming effects and provides deep body relaxation Indica strains are best for nighttime use.

What is a Hybrid Strain?

Hybrids blend the phenotypes of Indica and Sativa, and the presence of THC and CBD will fall along a spectrum between Sativa and Indica.

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This website contains medical cannabis information and is restricted to individuals 21 years of age or older. Please confirm your age:

  • IL
  • MD
  • MA
  • NY
  • OH
  • PA

Did you know that most medical marijuana information is state-specific? We have dispensaries in each of the above states, along with state-specific resources for patients. For the best experience, please select a state.