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Marijuana 101: Information You Should Know

Facts of the Matter - Learn the basics of cannabis.

Cannabis has a variety of benefits for the mind and body. It can aid in managing pain for various ailments, help reduce symptoms or be a source for positive overall well-being. The use of cannabis and its cannabinoids, including THC and CBD, show significant potential in providing an array of positive effects versus traditional methods. Cannabis, as an option, is not a new concept. Right now, however, we're in a time of new and exciting possibilities for fully understanding, utilizing and offering all of cannabis' benefits.

How does cannabis affect the body?

Cannabis interacts with receptors both directly and indirectly with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is a group of receptors located in the brain and throughout the central nervous system.

What are THC and CBD?

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. The most well-known cannabinoid, THC is the main psychoactive component in cannabis. Its possible benefits include:

  • Stimulating the mind
  • Relaxing muscles
  • Increasing appetite
  • Relieving pain

CBD stands for cannabidiol. CBD is gaining attention for its role in treating neurological disorders and mitigating THC’s psychoactive effects. Its possible benefits include:

  • Mitigating inflammation
  • Reducing anxiety
  • Enhancing sleep
  • Controlling seizures

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are fragrant, organic oils that give cannabis plants their unique beneficial qualities and flavor. There are more than 200 known terpenes, each with a different profile and set of effects. Terpenes bind to the endocannabinoid system throughout the brain and body to deliver beneficial qualities and effects.

What are the parts of a cannabis plant? 

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Female Flower - Cannabis plants are male, female or both. The female cannabis plant produces large flowers containing trichomes, which we trim down and turn into the cannabis products we offer.

Male Flower - Male cannabis plants pollinate the female plant, which in doing so kicks off flower and seed production. While male flowers serve a purpose for production, they are not used for cannabis products.

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Fan Leaf - Perhaps the most recognizable part of the cannabis plant, fan leaves vary in size and shape across different species.

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Stem - The cannabis plant grows on a tall, thin stem, though exact height will vary between species and varieties.

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Trichomes - Trichomes appear on cannabis buds as crystal resin and develop with the specific purpose of protecting plants against natural elements and predators. Trichomes are small in size but tremendously important as they store cannabinoids.

Cannabis Species



Sativa strains are invigorating and provide cerebral effects including euphoria and increased energy. They are recommended for patients with symptoms that include fatigue, depression or mood disorders.

Possible benefits include:

  • Uplifting euphoric effect
  • Creativity
  • Clarity
  • Increased activity



Indica produces more sedative and relaxing effects and provides deep body relaxation. These strains are recommended for patients suffering from symptoms such as insomnia, pain or anxiety.

Possible benefits include:

  • Soothing body euphoric effect
  • Comfort
  • Calmness
  • Enhanced focus


A strain is the variety of plant within a species. Strains define a specific cannabinoid profile—the mixture of THC, CBD, etc. within it. Each strain has its own physical characteristics, or phenotypes, such as height, leaf structure, and color. Depending on the strain and its corresponding cannabinoid profile, the plant will deliver varying effects and possible benefits. Strains can be pure or hybrids of Sativa and Indica.


Sativas are more invigorating and provide more cerebral effects, including, euphoria and mental clarity.

Recommended for: 

  • Anxiety
  • ADHD
  • Depression

Possible effects: Reduce stress, increase mental clarity, increase focus


Indica produces more sedative and calming effects and provides deep body relaxation.

Recommended for:

  • Insomnia
  • Chronic pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Anxiety

Possible effects: Reduce stress, reduce anxiety, relieve nausea and vomiting, relieve pain, stimulate appetite, reduce fatigue


Hybrids blend the phenotypes of Indica and Sativa, and the presence of THC and CBD will fall along a spectrum between Sativa and Indica.

Recommended for:

  • Cancer
  • Depression
  • Glaucoma

Possible effects: Reduce inflammation, relieve nausea, relieve pain, regulate digestion, reduce stress, reduce anxiety, relieve nausea and vomiting, relieve pain, stimulate appetite, reduce fatigue

Have Questions? We’ve Got Answers

No matter your level of comfort or knowledge of medical cannabis, we can help answer your questions. Our friendly patient care representatives are happy to talk.

Our hours are 9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. EST. 


This website contains medical cannabis information and is restricted to individuals 21 years of age or older. Please confirm your age and state:

  • IL
  • MD
  • MA
  • NY
  • OH
  • PA

Did you know that most medical marijuana information is state-specific? We have dispensaries in each of the above states, along with state-specific resources for patients. For the best experience, please select a state.